'''Proterius of Alexandria''' (died 457), [[List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria|Patriarch of Alexandria]] (451-457), was elected by the [[Council of Chalcedon]] in 451 to replace [[Dioscorus of Alexandria]], who had been deposed by the same council (cf. [[Evagrius Scholasticus]], ''Ecclesiastical History'', book 2, chapter 5[http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/evagrius_2_book2.htm]). His accession marks the beginning of the [[Schism (religion)|Schism]] of 451 between the [[List of Coptic Popes|Copts]] and the [[List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria|Orthodox]] patriarchs of Alexandria, which has never been completely resolved. Because the church of Alexandria was largely [[Miaphysitism|Monophysite]] the deposition of Dioscorus, a [[Miaphysitism|Monophysite]], from and the elevation of Proterius, a [[Council of Chalcedon|Chalcedonian]], to the patriarchate was violently opposed. Finally in 457 the [[Miaphysitism|Monophysite]] party in Alexandria elected [[Pope Timothy II of Alexandria|Timothy II Aelurus]] as patriarch, creating a parallel papacy to that of Proterius, who was subsequently murdered by Coptic mobs (Evagrius, 2, 8[http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/evagrius_2_book2.htm]). He is regarded as a [[saint]] by the [[Eastern Orthodox Church]]. He is not recognised as a Pope by the Coptic Church of Egypt (Coptic Orthodox Church Network, Popes Chronology [http://www.copticchurch.net/topics/synexarion/popes-of-alexandria-chron.html]).
before=[[Dioscorus of Alexandria|Dioscorus I]]|
title=[[List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Alexandria|Greek Patriarch of Alexandria]]|
after=[[Pope Timothy II of Alexandria|Timothy II]]<br>''(or [[Patriarch Timothy III of Alexandria|Timothy III]])''}}
[[Category:Eastern Orthodox saints]]
[[Category:Patriarchs of Alexandria]]▼
[[de:Proterius von Alexandria]]
[[es:Proterio de Alejandría]]