Βαλέτα: Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων

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Η '''Βαλέτα''' αποτελεί την πρωτεύουσα της [[Μάλτα|Μάλτας]], γνωστή ως '''Il-Belt''' (Η Πόλη) στα [[Μαλτεζική γλώσσα|Μαλτέζικα]]. Τοποθετείται γεωγραφικά στο κεντροανατολικό τμήμα της [[Μάλτα (αποσαφήνιση)|νήσου της Μάλτας]], ενώ η ιστορική πόλη διαθέτει πληθυσμό 6.966 κατοίκων.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.mjha.gov.mt/MediaCenter/PDFs/1_Population%20Statistics.pdf |title=Population statistics |work=Malta Government Gazette |publisher=mjha.gov.mt |date=9 August 2011}}</ref>
Η '''Βαλέτα''' είναι η πρωτεύουσα της [[Μάλτα|Μάλτας]] με πληθυσμό 6315 κατοίκων σύμφωνα με την απογραφή του 2005.
 
Valletta contains buildings from the 16th century onwards, built during the rule of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, also known as [[Knights Hospitaller]]. The city is essentially [[Baroque architecture|Baroque]] in character, with elements of [[Mannerist architecture#Mannerist architecture|Mannerist]], [[Neoclassical architecture|Neo-Classical]] and [[Modern architecture]] in selected areas, though [[World War II]] left major scars on the city. The City of Valletta was officially recognised as a [[World Heritage Site]] by [[UNESCO]] in 1980.<ref>[http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/131 - Entry about Valletta on the official website of the [[UNESCO]] World Heritage Centre]</ref>
Βρίσκεται στη βόρεια ακτή της Μάλτας και έχει έντονο [[μπαρόκ]] χαρακτήρα. Ιδρύθηκε στις [[28 Μαρτίου]] [[1566]] από τους [[Ιππότες του Αγίου Ιωάννη]] με το όνομα ''Humilissima Civitas Valletta'' («η Ταπεινοτάτη των Πόλεων Βαλέτα»). Το [[1980]] ανακηρύχθηκε σε [[Μνημείο Παγκόσμιας Πολιτιστικής Κληρονομιάς]] από την [[ΟΥΝΕΣΚΟ]].
 
The city is named for [[Jean Parisot de la Valette]], who succeeded in defending the island from an [[Siege of Malta (1565)|Ottoman invasion in 1565]]. The official name given by the Order of Saint John was '''Humilissima Civitas Valletta''' — The Most [[humility|Humble]] City of Valletta, or '''Città Umilissima''' in Italian. The [[bastion]]s, [[Castle walls|curtains]] and [[ravelin]]s along with the beauty of its [[Baroque]] palaces, gardens and churches, led the ruling houses of Europe to give the city its nickname '''Superbissima''' — 'Most [[pride|Proud]]'.
 
On Friday 12th October 2012, Valletta was unanimously named European Capital of Culture (ECoC) for 2018, by a jury of experts, following a presentation by the Valletta 2018 Foundation. The official declaration of the title is expected to take place at the next EU Council of Ministers meeting, some time around May 2013. ECoC jury chairman Manfred Gaulhofer, during a live-broadcast press conference in St John’s Co-Cathedral’s oratory, said the jury was convinced that Valletta had the will, motivation and the required ambition to receive the title.
 
==Παραπομπές==
{{παραπομπές|2}}
 
==Εξωτερικοί Σύνδεσμοι==
 
* [http://www.cityofvalletta.org Ιστοσελίδα του Δήμου της Βαλέτας]
* [http://ivalletta.com iValletta.com - Enter Malta's MegaMall]
* [http://valletta2018.org Valletta 2018 Foundation]
* [http://www.maltaattraction.com/ Ιστορία της Βαλέτας]
* [http://www.ashkdahlen.com/index.php?id=171 Φωτογραφίες της Βαλέτας]
* [http://faa.wikispot.org/MEPA_City_Gate_Project The Renzo Piano Valletta City Gate Project Press Article Archive]
 
{{commons|Valletta}}
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