Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «Σεβαστοκράτωρ»

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==History==
The title was created by Emperor [[Alexios I Komnenos]] (r. 1081–1118) to honour his elder brother [[Isaac Komnenos (brother of Alexios I)|Isaac Komnenos]].<ref name="ODB">{{harvnb|Kazhdan|1991|p=1862}}.</ref> According to [[Anna Komnene]], Alexios did this to raise Isaac above the rank of ''[[Caesar (title)|Caesar]]'', which he had already promised to his brother-in-law, [[Nikephoros Melissenos]]. Anna Komnene compares the rank of ''sebastokratōr'' to "a second Emperoremperor", and also records that along with the ''Caesar'' a ''sebastokratōr'' was granted the right to wear a crown (but not the imperial diadem).<ref>[[Anna Komnene]]. ''[[Alexiad]]'', [[s:The Alexiad/Book III#Chapter IV|3.4]].</ref> During the [[Komnenian dynasty]] (1081–1185), the title continued to be the highest below that of Emperor until 1163, when Emperor [[Manuel I Komnenos|Manuel I]] created the title of ''[[Despot (court title)|despotēs]]''. During that period, it was given exclusively to members of the imperial family, chiefly younger sons of the emperor.<ref name="ODB"/>
 
After the occupation of the Byzantine Empire by the leaders of the [[Fourth Crusade]] in 1204, the title was adopted in the [[Latin Empire]], the [[Empire of Nicaea]], and the [[Second Bulgarian Empire|Bulgarian Empire]]. In Nicaea and the post-1261 restored Empire, the title remained one of the highest, and was almost always restricted to members of the imperial family. The last known holder of the title was [[Demetrios I Kantakouzenos|Demetrios Kantakouzenos]], a ruler in the [[Peloponnese]] in the late 14th century.<ref name="ODB"/>
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