Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «Σεβαστοκράτωρ»

The title was created by Emperor [[Alexios I Komnenos]] (r. 1081–1118) to honour his elder brother [[Isaac Komnenos (brother of Alexios I)|Isaac Komnenos]].<ref name="ODB">{{harvnb|Kazhdan|1991|p=1862}}.</ref> According to [[Anna Komnene]], Alexios did this to raise Isaac above the rank of ''[[Caesar (title)|Caesar]]'', which he had already promised to his brother-in-law, [[Nikephoros Melissenos]]. Anna Komnene compares the rank of ''sebastokratōr'' to "a second emperor", and also records that along with the ''Caesar'' a ''sebastokratōr'' was granted the right to wear a crown (but not the imperial diadem).<ref>[[Anna Komnene]]. ''[[Alexiad]]'', [[s:The Alexiad/Book III#Chapter IV|3.4]].</ref> During the [[Komnenian dynasty]] (1081–1185), the title continued to be the highest below that of Emperor until 1163, when Emperor [[Manuel I Komnenos|Manuel I]] created the title of ''[[Despot (court title)|despotēs]]''. During that period, it was given exclusively to members of the imperial family, chiefly younger sons of the emperor.<ref name="ODB"/>
 
After the occupationdismemberment of the Byzantine Empire by the leaders of the [[Fourth Crusade]] in 1204, the title was adopted in the [[Latin Empire]], the [[Empire of Nicaea]], and the [[Second Bulgarian Empire|Bulgarian Empire]]. In Nicaea and the post-1261 restored Byzantine Empire, the title remained one of the highest court dignities, and was almost always restricted to members of the imperial family. The last known holder of the title was [[Demetrios I Kantakouzenos|Demetrios Kantakouzenos]], a ruler in the [[Peloponnese]] in the late 14th century.<ref name="ODB"/>
 
According to the sources, the distinctive colour associated with the title was blue: the ''sebastokratōr''′s [[Byzantine dress|ceremonial costume]] included blue [[stockings]] and blue [[boots]]. In circa 1260, according to [[George Akropolites]], the ''sebastokratores'' who were members of the imperial family were distinguished from those who were not by having embroidered golden [[eagles]] on their shoes.<ref>{{harvnb|Macrides|2007|pp=350, 366–367}}.</ref> By the time of [[pseudo-Kodinos]] in the mid-14th century, the embroidered eagles on a red field were standard. According to Kodinos, the ceremonial costume also included a red [[tunic]] (''[[chlamys]]'') and crown (''stephanos'') of red and gold.<ref>{{harvnb|Parani|2003|pp=63, 67–69, 72}}.</ref> The ''sebastokratōr'' also had the prerogative of signing documents with a special blue [[ink]].<ref name="ODB"/>
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