Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «BBC Online»

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On 21 September 2011, a new BBC Homepage went into beta testing that was drastically different from those before it. The new homepage was based on feedback that stated that the current page was too narrow in focus and not distinctive enough, with the homepage not displaying the full extend of the BBC Online site and that some didn't realise it was the homepage. As a result, they launched a new version that featured as a centrepiece a revolving carousel of content on the BBC Online website, with filters beneath to restrict it to, and to show more of entertainment, lifestyle, knowledge and news and sports topics. At the top of the page, a new header has been inserted giving the date, the time through the use of the vintage BBC clock, as well as weather prospects for the next three days through the use of the traditional weather symbols. Below the carousel, boxes contain links to the most popular video material, web articles and pages on the site, as well as TV and Radio listings alongside an A-Z list of the BBC's top level domains.<ref>{{cite web|last=Thornett|first=James|title=Redisigning the BBC Online Homepage|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2011/09/bbc_online_homepage_beta_producer.html|publisher=BBC Internet Blog|accessdate=17 October 2011}}</ref> This new site replaced the previous one on 30 November 2011. In a blog post<ref>{{cite web|last=Thornett|first=James|title=A New Homepage for BBC Online|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2011/11/bbc_online_homepage_launch.html|publisher=BBC Internet Blog|accessdate=30 November 2011}}</ref> from the same day, James Thornett explained the changes – while the post attracted complaints from users disliking the refreshed layout, the new-look site was critically acclaimed and nominated by the Design Museum as one of their Designs of the Year in 2012.<ref>{{cite web|last=Thornett|first=James|title=BBC Homepage Three Months On|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/legacy/bbcinternet/2012/03/homepage_update_design_museum.html|publisher=BBC Internet Blog|accessdate=17 April 2014}}</ref>
 
==Content==
BBC Online contains a variety of content ranging from News, sport, music, science, technology and entertainment, amongst other things. The website has a British orientation, although the home page, news section and sports section each provide different content between UK and "International" visitors. There are also separate pages for Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland written by the BBC Nations.<ref>{{cite web|last=Hudson|first=Clare|title=Homepages for Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/internet/posts/homepages_for_the_nations|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=25 March 2013|date=12 June 2012}}</ref>
 
The website focuses around the primary top level domains of [[BBC News|News]], [[BBC Sport|Sport]], [[BBC Weather|Weather]], [[BBC iPlayer|iPlayer]], [[BBC Television|TV]] and [[BBC Radio|Radio]]. These are easily accessible from the taskbar running across the top of all current BBC Online pages. However, other top level domains are also in existence: some are available from a drop down list on the taskbar including [[CBBC]], [[CBeebies]], Comedy, Food, Health, History, [[BBC Learning|Learning]], [[BBC Music|Music]], Science and Nature, while other top level domains are only available through the A-Z index on the BBC website. These include [[BBC Archives|Archives]], Arts & Culture, Ethics, Gardening, Parenting, Religion and Travel news. However, there are many more top level domains – some 400 in March 2010<ref>{{cite web|last=Huggers|first=Erik|title=BBC Online's top level directories|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2010/03/bbc_onlines_top_level_director.html|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC Internet Blog|accessdate=11 November 2011}}</ref> however this number has decreased as top level domains now frequently link to a lower domain name – that link to websites for individual services or programmes.
 
===News, Sport and Weather===
{{main|BBC News Online|l2=BBC Sport Online|BBC Sport#BBC Sport Online|BBC Weather}}
One of the most used aspects of the BBC Online website are the sections relating to News content, Sports results and news and Weather forecasts. The '''BBC News Online''' subsite launched in 1997 and received around 2 billion page views each month in 2012.<ref name="BBC News usage 2012">{{cite web|title=The ups, downs and ups of BBC News online|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-20678217|publisher=BBC News|accessdate=25 March 2013|date=12 December 2012}}</ref> The site contains journalistic content from the BBC covering news from the UK, both as a whole as well as regional news from the BBC Nations and Regions, and International content. The site also contains analysis from correspondents and other features from the Magazine section of the website. The '''BBC Sport Online''' subsite offers, in a similar way to news, a wide variety of material including sports results, live feeds to on-air programming, sports related news and analysis from commentators and pundits.<ref name="New BBC Sport site">{{cite web|last=O'Riordan|first=Cait|title=Launching the new BBC Sport website|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2012/02/launching_bbc_sport_new.html|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=25 March 2013|date=1 February 2012}}</ref> The '''BBC Weather''' subsite primarily focuses on weather forecasts for UK and International locations, but also includes other features including Country guides that detail to geography and climate of each country, winter sports forecasts and during times of unusual or extreme weather, videos are produced explaining the causes for this weather.<ref name="New weather website editors blog">{{cite web|last=Howell|first=Liz|title=New look for BBC Weather website|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/theeditors/2011/10/new_look_bbc_weather_online.html#comments|work=The Editors Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=25 March 2013}}</ref>
 
===iPlayer and Programmes sites===
{{main|BBC iPlayer}}
The '''BBC iPlayer''' subsite allows programmes to be viewed again after broadcast over the internet. This successful site has now been expanded to include mobile views and downloads onto computers and mobiles allowing viewing for up to 30 days after broadcast.
 
'''BBC Programmes''' is a service of BBC Online which provides a page for every television and radio programme broadcast by the BBC in the United Kingdom. It was launched in October 2007 and gives each programme an eight digit [[alphanumeric]] identifier which is used to provide a permanent URL.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2007/11/a_page_for_every_programme_1.html|title=A Page For Every Programme|last=Walpole|first=Sophie|date=5 November 2007|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=9 January 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://derivadow.com/2007/10/18/programme-support/|title=Ladies and gentlemen I give you BBC Programmes|last=Scott|first=Tom|date=18 October 2007|publisher=derivadow.com|accessdate=9 January 2010}}</ref> It currently only holds data from the launch date plus a selection of high-profile programmes (notably Natural History programmes and Radio 4 programmes), but [[Jana Bennett]], Director of [[BBC Vision]], said in June 2008 that the BBC will eventually add a page for each programme it has broadcast over its history to the service.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/broadcasting/news/a99319/bbc-to-expand-web-programmes-database.html|title=BBC to expand web programmes database|last=West|first=Dave|date=11 June 2008|work=[[Digital Spy]]|accessdate=9 January 2010}}</ref>
 
BBC Programmes is available as [[HTML]] and [[Resource Description Framework|RDF]]/[[XML]] and [[JSON]].
 
The [[BBC Programme Catalogue]] is an internal archive of the BBC back catalogue which was briefly available online to the public in beta.
 
===Knowledge and Learning===
The BBC also operates numerous sub sites that focus on different topics and subjects to expand the knowledge of the reader. These are mainly centred around the topics of Science, Nature, Arts and Culture, Religion and Ethics, Food and History. Each of these sub sites feature new articles published on the topic and contain other collections relating to the topic.
 
For example, the '''Food''' site contains recipes featured on various BBC cookery programmes, the '''History''' site has an interactive timeline of key events and individuals, the '''Nature''' site contains a database of creatures, and the '''Language''' site<ref>{{cite web|title=Languages|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/|publisher=BBC|accessdate=20 September 2013}}</ref> teaches phrases and more in 40 languages. Included in this range was the well received [[Your Paintings]] website that cataloged every painting in public ownership for view.<ref>{{cite web|last=Cohen|first=Nick|title=Your Paintings: Opening up the nation's art collection|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2011/06/your_paintings_opening_up_the.html|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=24 April 2013}}</ref>
 
Until 2013, the BBC also hosted a '''health''' website with detailed information, checked by professionals, of medical conditions and symptoms. However, the BBC withdrew the site as this service is available from other sources on the internet which did not exist when the Health site launched, the most prominent of which is [[NHS Choices]].<ref>{{cite web|last=Gluckman|first=Dan|title=BBC Health website closure|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/internet/posts/BBC-Health-website-closure|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=24 April 2013|date=5 April 2013}}</ref>
 
In addition to these subsites, the BBC also runs sites dedicated to education and learning. These include the [[Bitesize]] revision website for teenagers and a section with resources for teachers including Learning Zone Class Clips that provides video from educational programmes for use in the classroom.
 
The BBC plans to merge this content into one easier to access site in the foreseeable future.<ref>{{cite web|last=Sizemore|first=Chris|title=Knowledge & Learning Beta: Welcome to the new site|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/internet/posts/Knowledge-Learning-Product|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=24 April 2013|date=18 April 2013}}</ref>
 
===Children's===
The BBC runs a comprehensive children's website.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/cbbc|title=CBBC – Home: The Official Homepage for CBBC|publisher=[[BBC]]|date=1 January 1970|accessdate=1 October 2012}}</ref> It includes information on all of CBBC's shows along with several subsites covering art, sport, news, and other current events. Its message boards are especially popular with children who use them to communicate with each other about all of CBBC's output among other salient topics for kids like bullying, books, and personal problems.
 
In conjunction with the Children's subsite, the BBC also runs an online revision website using the [[Bitesize]] brand and also ran a message board for students. This latter service, now called "BBC Student Life" and previously called "Onion Street", was launched in 2001 and is aimed at young people between the ages of 11 and 16. The site offers a pre-moderated forum discussion on school work, revision and other areas of learning.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/studentlife/ |title=Student Life – Homepage |publisher=BBC |date=17 April 2008 |accessdate=1 October 2012}}</ref>
 
The BBC previously ran a page to help young people sort out their life difficulties entitled "Your Life".<ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/cbbc/yourlife/index.shtml ]{{dead link|date=October 2012}}</ref> The page featured agony uncle "Ask Aaron," a professional psychotherapist who provided regular answers to children's questions across the message boards; after the page's closure, the agony uncle has moved on to Radio One's Sunday Surgery as their mental health expert.
 
There is integration between television output and website content with aspects of children's programming have follow-up information on their websites.
 
===Democracy Live===
Democracy Live is a subsite of the BBC that contains live streams and recorded programmes from deciding bodies that affect the UK. Launched in November 2009, the site focuses around live and recorded debate from the [[House of Commons of the United Kingdom|House of Commons]] and the [[House of Lords]] in Westminster, the [[Scottish Parliament]], the [[National Assembly for Wales]], the [[Northern Ireland Assembly]] and the [[European Parliament]].<ref name="BBC News DL">{{cite news|title=BBC launches Democracy Live|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/8338306.stm|accessdate=25 March 2013|newspaper=BBC News|date=2 November 2009}}</ref> While recordings tend to focus on the main debating chambers, the site also hosts video from some committees. The site also includes a search facility to find relevant debate, a tool to follow a particular member and see videos of their contributions and other videos of historic events from these institutions.<ref name="BBC PO DL">{{cite web|title=BBC launches Democracy Live|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2009/11_november/02/democracy.shtml|publisher=BBC|accessdate=25 March 2013|date=2 November 2009}}</ref> The service also allows the translation of Welsh Assembly proceedings to and from [[Welsh language|Welsh]].
 
===International-only sites===
Several subsites – [http://www.bbc.com/culture Culture], [http://www.bbc.com/future Future], [http://www.bbc.com/capital Capital], [http://www.bbc.com/travel Travel], and [http://www.bbc.com/autos Autos] – are only available to users with IP addresses outside the UK. UK users attempting to visit these sites are told: "We're sorry but this site is not accessible from the UK as it is part of [[BBC Worldwide|our international service]] and is not funded by the [[Television licensing in the United Kingdom|licence fee]]."
 
===Former subsites===
 
====BBC Blast====
BBC Blast was the BBC's network for creative teenagers. It provided access to mentors both online and at free events and workshops across the UK. The website specifically catered for 13 to 19-year olds but the BBC Blast project also ran a variety of work experience schemes for young adults between the ages of 18 to 25. Blast was running from 2002 until 2011. It included a forum where participants could upload videos, audio tracks and images and comment on each other's work.
In the past the BBC Blast tour featured workshops and talks with stars from a variety of backgrounds, including rapper [[Akala (rapper)|Akala]], director and actor [[Noel Clarke]], BBC Radio 1Xtra DJs [[Ace and Vis]], singer-songwriter [[Jay Sean]], rapper [[Chipmunk (rapper)|Chipmunk]], [[Panjabi Hit Squad]] and [[Yngve Wieland|Yngve & The Innocent]]. The tour also featured very early performances and interviews by artists such as [[Rizzle Kicks]] and [[Ed Sheeran]].<ref>http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/153645</ref><ref>http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/153651</ref>
 
Blast worked with a number of partners to put on events and give content a chance to be promoted at a higher level. These partners included the [[Victoria and Albert Museum]], [[Royal Shakespeare Company|RSC]], [[National Portrait Gallery (London)|National Portrait Gallery]], [[Royal National Theatre|National Theatre]], [[Zoo Nation]], and the [[British Film Institute]].
 
On 24 January 2011, the BBC announced the closure of BBC Blast as part of a 25% cut to the BBC Online budget, resulting in a £34 million shortfall.<ref name="Cutback" />
 
====Cult TV====
From 1999 to 2005, the [[BBC]] ran a popular subsite called ''Cult TV''. This subsite had news, star interviews, trivia, and other content popular with fans of the [[Cult television|cult]] TV shows they covered. Examples of covered TV shows include ''[[The X-Files]]'', ''[[Doctor Who]]'', ''[[Buffy the Vampire Slayer (TV series)|Buffy the Vampire Slayer]]'', ''[[Farscape]]'' and ''[[The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (TV series)|The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy]]''.
 
On 15 July 2005, the [[BBC]] announced that the site was closing as of the end of the month, although the ''Doctor Who'' section would be unaffected as the series was an ongoing BBC concern. The announcement explained that this was "part of the restructuring of the BBC's online activities". It was promised that some of the content would be moved to new places on bbc.co.uk, although as of March 2013 it is currently still all online at the no-longer-updated Cult site. In recent years, some of the content covered in the Cult section was included in the BBC's Archive section, such as content and information on the 25th Anniversary of [[CBBC|Children's BBC]].
 
====BBC Guide to Comedy====
The ''BBC Guide to Comedy'' was an online encyclopedia based on [[Mark Lewisohn]]'s 1998 book ''The [[Radio Times]] Guide to Comedy''. It offered "Info on every TV comedy shown in the UK, from 1936 to today..." and featured articles on almost every comedy programme and sitcom produced by the main channels in the United Kingdom. The site also featured video clips, viewable in [[RealPlayer]], and a small gallery of cast photographs or screenshots. It was replaced by a smaller, less detailed guide in 2007, which only focussed on BBC shows and is also now discontinued.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20050305024637/www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/guide/ Web archive] of the BBC Guide to Comedy (2005)</ref><ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/archive/ BBC Comedy Archive]</ref>
 
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