Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «BBC Online»

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====BBC Guide to Comedy====
The ''BBC Guide to Comedy'' was an online encyclopedia based on [[Mark Lewisohn]]'s 1998 book ''The [[Radio Times]] Guide to Comedy''. It offered "Info on every TV comedy shown in the UK, from 1936 to today..." and featured articles on almost every comedy programme and sitcom produced by the main channels in the United Kingdom. The site also featured video clips, viewable in [[RealPlayer]], and a small gallery of cast photographs or screenshots. It was replaced by a smaller, less detailed guide in 2007, which only focussed on BBC shows and is also now discontinued.<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20050305024637/www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/guide/ Web archive] of the BBC Guide to Comedy (2005)</ref><ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/archive/ BBC Comedy Archive]</ref>
 
==Funding==
The BBC's site was initially entirely free from advertising, this was due to the BBC's funding, derived primarily from compulsory [[television licence]] fees from UK viewers. [[BBC Worldwide]] who exploit BBC brands commercially have had several attempts at launching services online including Beeb.com in the late 1990s.
 
In 2006, the BBC began making controversial plans to raise revenue by including advertising on the international version of [[BBC News Online]] accessed from outside the United Kingdom.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/6369055.stm BBC urged to resist website ads] [[BBC News Online]]. 16 February 2007</ref> BBC Online is currently freely available worldwide (via various URLs including bbc.com/news) but planned video services and a lower than expected licence fee settlement paid for by UK residents only led to the BBC introducing banner advertisements to the site from November 2007.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7050625.stm BBC's global website to carry ads][[BBC News Online]]. 18 October 2007</ref> The [[BBC Trust]] approved the plans for introducing advertisements which also involved creating bbc.com as a part of BBC Worldwide.<ref>[http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbctrust/our_work/commercial_services/bbc_com.shtml BBC Trust approval for BBC to implement its 'bbc.com' proposals] [[BBC Trust]]. 18 October 2007</ref> [[Michael Lyons (BBC chairman)|Sir Michael Lyons]], Chairman of the Trust, confirmed the BBC would not charge for online news following [[News International]]'s planned introduction of charges for online content.<ref>[http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/bbc-trust-dampens-worldwides-plans-for-global-domination-1826896.html BBC Trust dampens Worldwide's plans for global domination] Nick Clark. [[The Independent]]. 25 November 2009</ref>
 
Prior to this there had been criticism from some, as web users outside the UK could use the services (including the entire BBC radio services) without having to pay for them.<ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6381647.stm Q&A: Adverts on BBC website] Torin Douglas. [[BBC News Online]]. 21 February 2007</ref> In addition, where rights to sporting events (such as certain [[association football|football]] or [[cricket]] matches) do not include international online coverage, users from outside the UK are blocked from listening to commentaries.
 
On 24 January 2011, it was announced that the BBC was to cut its online budget by 25% or £34 million. To cope with this, many BBC websites would be closed including [[BBC Switch]], [[BBC Blast]], [[6-0-6]], BBC raw, [[Video Nation]], and planned to sell the Douglas Adams created website [[h2g2]], as well as the automation of many programme websites and radio websites.<ref name="Cutback" />
 
==Technical details==
 
===Streaming media===
A service, called [[BBC iPlayer]], was launched in December 2007, which allows users to download both radio and TV content for up to seven days after broadcast. The television version allows users to either stream programmes or to download them using [[peer-to-peer]] and [[digital rights management|DRM]] technology.
 
Initially streams were generally broadcast in the [[RealAudio]] and [[RealVideo]] formats controlled by [[RealNetworks]] and the BBC drew criticism with some for using those closed formats which, at the time, could only be played using [[RealPlayer]]. In response to such criticisms, the BBC negotiated a deal with RealNetworks a 'cut-down' version of RealPlayer which did not contain as much advertising and marketing.
 
[[Windows Media]] has also been adopted and since Autumn 2006, a Windows Media stream of all national BBC radio stations has been available.
 
More recently, the BBC has been experimenting with MP3 downloads and [[podcast]]ing facilities for an increasing number of radio shows, with a high level of success{{Citation needed|date=March 2008}}; a less publicised trial of [[Ogg Vorbis]] streams for certain programmes was less successful, and has now been discontinued.
 
During major events, the BBC often features [[liveblogging|liveblogs]] which publish the most recent text and image posts from BBC correspondents; particularly significant political events may pair live blogs with live video streams or recorded video loops relevant to the event.
 
===Messageboards===
In February 2001, BBC Online incorporated [[Douglas Adams]]' previously independent [[h2g2]] project into its group of web sites, and eventually replaced all its existing message boards, which used an archaic system called Howerd, with the [[H2G2#DNA|DNA]] software derived from that project. The site's now archived [[Collective (BBC)|Collective]] magazine also used the DNA software along with numerous other sites created after the BBC's acquisition of h2g2.
 
===Developers===
The website has extensive technical information available about its operation. The BBC also made some of the content on bbc.co.uk and the BBC News Website available in XML format on the former developer network [[backstage.bbc.co.uk]]. Also, through participation in the [[Creative Archive Licence]] group, bbc.co.uk allows legal downloads of selected material via the Internet.
 
In November 2011, the BBC launched the Connected Studio initiative which resulted in the running of workshops for independent web designers to work with the BBC in conceiving new designs and ways for current BBC services to be improved.<ref name="Connected Studio">{{cite web|title=Connected Studio|url=http://www.bbcconnectedstudio.co.uk/|publisher=BBC|accessdate=25 March 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|last=Woolard|first=Adrian|title=Connected Studio: Launching Phase One|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcinternet/2012/04/connected_studio_launch_backstage.html|work=BBC Internet Blog|publisher=BBC|accessdate=25 March 2013}}</ref>
 
===Tracking cookies and privacy policy===
BBC Online uses several third-party companies to log information from users, by means of cookies. The BBC lists the companies it uses in its [[privacy policy]]:<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/privacy/information/policy/||website=BBC.co.uk|title=Privacy Information: Privacy Policy
: Our policy in full|accessdate=July 30, 2014}}</ref>
* [[24/7 Real Media]]
* [[AOL]] Advertising
* [[Atlas Solutions]] (Microsoft Advertising)
* Audience Science
* Google [[DoubleClick]]
* Media Mind
* Specific Media
* [[Yahoo!]] Network Plus
 
===Vulnerabilities===
In March 2007, a vulnerability was exposed in the BBC's "Most Emailed" and "Most Read" news sections which could allow for the popularity of a news article to be exaggerated and thus highlight it to other website visitors.<ref>Statistics Hacking – Exploiting Vulnerabilities in News Websites [http://paper.ijcsns.org/07_book/200703/20070348.pdf PDF], Amrinder Arora, International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, Vol.7 No.3, March 2007</ref>
 
==Graf report==
In early 2004, the site was made the focus of a government review, launched by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, led by Philip Graf. Sections of the UK internet industry had argued that the BBC site offered things that were available in the commercial sector, creating unnecessary competition.
 
The review was published in July 2004 and it was recommended that the BBC "prioritise news, current affairs, education and information which is of value to the citizen." In response the BBC also shut down a small number of sections of the site, including the Soaps section.
 
In November 2004, the Governors of the BBC announced a newer, much more tightly drawn remit for bbc.co.uk as part of their response to the review. They also announced, as Graf had recommended, a new approach towards external providers which will see bbc.co.uk aiming to spend at least 25% of its eligible budget on content and services through independent commissions by the end of 2006/07.
 
The implementation of the Graf report has seen the popular message boards in the BBC Sport section shut down, as the BBC tries to promote its 606 brand, but these changes have proved unpopular as the interface has proven unusable and large numbers of content providers have abandoned the BBC site.{{Citation needed|date=March 2008}}
 
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