Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «Γιάκομπ Σάβεραϊ»

καμία σύνοψη επεξεργασίας
 
==Βιογραφία==
Ο Γιάκομπ γεννήθηκε σε οικογένεια καλλιτεχνών και ήταν γιος του Μέρτεν Σάβεραϊ. Πιθανόν μαθήτευσε με τον Φλαμανδό [[μανιερισμός|μανιεριστή]] ζωγράφο [[Χανς Μπολ]], όπως αναφέρει ο πρώιμος βιογράφος [[Κάρελ φαν Μάντερ]].<ref name=Mander>{{Link language|nl|Middle Dutch}} [http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/mand001schi01_01/mand001schi01_01_0275.htm Iaques Savry] και [http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/mand001schi01_01/mand001schi01_01_0243.htm Hans Bol] στο ''Schilderboeck'' του [[Κάρελ φαν Μάντερ]], 1604, επιμέλεια της Ψηφιακής Βιβλιοθήκης για την Ολλανδική λογοτεχνία</ref> Ως Αναβαπτιστές, οι Σάβεραϊ υποχρεώθηκαν να εγκαταλείψουν τα εδάφη της Φλάνδρας, υπό τον φόβο διώξεων από τους Ισπανούς κατακτητές, γύρω στο 1580.ref name=Savery>[http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T076182 Joaneath A. Spicer. "Savery.]" Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 16 Nov. 2013</ref> Ο Γιάκομπ εγκαταστάθηκε το 1584 στο [[Χάαρλεμ]] και από εκεί μετοίκησε στο [[Άμστερνταμ]] όπου, το 1587, έγινε μέλος στη [[Συντεχνία του Αγίου Λουκά]] της πόλης.<ref name=Savery/> Το 1591 ο Γιάκομπ έγινε πολίτης του Άμστερνταμ. Απεβίωσε στην πόλη κατά την επιδημία λοιμού το 1603.<ref name=Mander/>
 
Ο βιογράφος [[Άρνολντ Χαουμπράκεν]], ο οποίος συνέγραψε βιογραφία του αδελφού του [[Ρούλαντ Σάβεραϊ]] (ήταν περισσότερο γνωστός καθώς ήταν επίσημος ζωγράφος στην αυτοκρατορική Αυλή της [[Πράγα]]ς) έκανε λάθος αναφέροντας ότι ο Γιάκομπ ήταν πατέρας του Ρούλαντ και του δίδαξε πώς να ζωγραφίζει ψάρια και ζώα, ενώ ο Γιάκομπ ήταν ο μεγαλύτερος αδελφός του και όχι ο πατέρας του.<ref>{{Link language|nl|Middle Dutch}} [http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/houb005groo01_01/houb005groo01_01_0027.htm Roelant Savry biography] in ''De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen'' (1718) by [[Arnold Houbraken]], courtesy of the [[Digital library for Dutch literature]]</ref>
 
 
 
 
<!--He was the teacher of Joos Goeimare, his brother [[Roelant Savery]], [[Frans de Grebber]] (then a promising young painter and tapestry worker in Haarlem) and [[Willem van Nieulandt II]]. His three sons also became artists: Hans Savery II (1589–1654) was active in Amsterdam and Utrecht, where he assisted and imitated his uncle Roelant, Jacob Savery II (1592–after 1651) was an animal painter and Salomon Savery (1594–1678) was a respected Amsterdam printmaker and publisher. Jacob Savery II's son, Jacob Savery III (1617–66), also became a printmaker and publisher.<ref name=Savery/> Jacob Saverys' daughter Maria was the mother of the painters [[Geertruyd Roghman]], [[Roelant Roghman]] and [[Magdalena Roghman]].<ref name=RKD>[http://www.rkd.nl/rkddb/dispatcher.aspx?action=search&database=ChoiceArtists&search=priref=69908 Jacob Savery] in the [[RKD]]</ref>
 
 
<!-- ==Biography==
Jacob was born into a family of painters as the son of Maerten Savery. He probably apprenticed with the Flemish [[Mannerist]] painter [[Hans Bol]] as was reported by the early biographer [[Karel van Mander]].<ref name=Mander>{{Link language|nl|Middle Dutch}} [http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/mand001schi01_01/mand001schi01_01_0275.htm Iaques Savry] and [http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/mand001schi01_01/mand001schi01_01_0243.htm Hans Bol] in [[Karel van Mander]]'s ''Schilderboeck'', 1604, courtesy of the [[Digital library for Dutch literature]]</ref> As [[Anabaptist]]s, the family Savery was forced to leave their native Flanders for fear of Spanish persecution c. 1580.<ref name=Savery>[http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T076182 Joaneath A. Spicer. "Savery.]" Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 16 Nov. 2013</ref> Jacob Savery settled about 1584 in [[Haarlem]] and from there he moved to [[Amsterdam]] where in 1587 he joined the [[Guild of St Luke]].<ref name=Savery/> In 1591 Jacob became a citizen of Amsterdam.<ref name=RKD/> He died of the plague in Amsterdam.<ref name=Mander/>
 
The biographer [[Arnold Houbraken]], who wrote a biography on his brother Roelant Savery (more famous because he was court painter at the imperial court in [[Prague]]), made a mistake when he wrote that Jacob was the father of Roelant and taught him to paint animals and fish, since Jacob was his older brother, not his father.<ref>{{Link language|nl|Middle Dutch}} [http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/houb005groo01_01/houb005groo01_01_0027.htm Roelant Savry biography] in ''De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen'' (1718) by [[Arnold Houbraken]], courtesy of the [[Digital library for Dutch literature]]</ref>
 
He was the teacher of Joos Goeimare, his brother [[Roelant Savery]], [[Frans de Grebber]] (then a promising young painter and tapestry worker in Haarlem) and [[Willem van Nieulandt II]]. His three sons also became artists: Hans Savery II (1589–1654) was active in Amsterdam and Utrecht, where he assisted and imitated his uncle Roelant, Jacob Savery II (1592–after 1651) was an animal painter and Salomon Savery (1594–1678) was a respected Amsterdam printmaker and publisher. Jacob Savery II's son, Jacob Savery III (1617–66), also became a printmaker and publisher.<ref name=Savery/> Jacob Saverys' daughter Maria was the mother of the painters [[Geertruyd Roghman]], [[Roelant Roghman]] and [[Magdalena Roghman]].<ref name=RKD>[http://www.rkd.nl/rkddb/dispatcher.aspx?action=search&database=ChoiceArtists&search=priref=69908 Jacob Savery] in the [[RKD]]</ref>
 
==Work==