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καμία σύνοψη επεξεργασίας
| nationality = Ρωσική
| field = Ζωγραφική
| training = [[MoscowΣχολή SchoolΖωγραφικής ofτης PaintingΜόσχας, SculptureΓλυπτικής andκαι ArchitectureΑρχιτεκτονικής]]
| movement = [[RealistΡεαλιστική artΤέχνη|RealismΡεαλισμός]], [[AcademismΑκαδημισμός]]
| influenced by = [[Karl Bryullov]]
| influenced = [[Henryk Siemiradzki]], [[Viktor Vasnetsov]], [[Valentin Serov]]
| patrons = [[AlexanderΑλέξανδρος IIΙΙ ofτης RussiaΡωσίας]]
| award =
}}
 
Ο [[Κωνσταντίν Μακόφσκι]] (πλήρες όνομα: '''Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky''' ({{lang-ru|Константин Егорович Маковский}}; {{OldStyleDate|June 20|1839|July 2}} —{{OldStyleDate|September 17|1915|September 30}}) wasήταν anένας influentialσημαντικός [[Russia]]nΡώσος [[painting|painter]]ζωγράφος, affiliatedσυνδεόμενος withμε theτο λεγόμενο "κίνημα των περιπλανώμενων" "[[Peredvizhniki|Peredvizhniki (Wanderers)]]". ManyΠολλοί ofαπό hisτους historicalιστορικούς paintingsπίνακές του, suchόπως as"Το ''Theστόλισμα Russianτης Bride'sΡωσίδας Attire''Νύφης" (1889), showedπαρουσιάζει anμιά idealizedεξιδανικευμένη viewόψη ofτης RussianΡωσικής lifeζωής ofτων priorπροηγούμενων centuriesαιώνων. HeΣυχνά isθεωρείται oftenαντιπροσωπευτικό consideredδείγμα aτης representativeΤέχνης ofτων aΣαλονιών [[Salon (gathering)|Salon]] art.
[[File:Kmakovs 71.jpg|thumbnail|left|250px300px|''[[Christmastide Divination]]''. Historic paintings of Russian peasant life made Konstantin Makovsky popular in Russia]]
[[Image:MakovskiyKE PtDetHudozhTVER.jpg|thumb| |150px300px|''ChildrenΤα ofπαιδιά theτου Artist''καλλιτέχνη, 1882]]
 
 
==Biography==
==Βιογραφία==
[[File:Kmakovs 71.jpg|thumbnail|left|250px|''[[Christmastide Divination]]''. Historic paintings of Russian peasant life made Konstantin Makovsky popular in Russia]]
Ο [[Κωνσδταντίν Μακόφσκι]] γεννήθηκε στή Μόσχα το [[1839]]. Ο πατέρας του ήταν σκιτσογράφος και ερασιτέχνης ζωγράφος, λεγόταν Yegor Ivanovich Makovsky. Η μητέρα του ήταν συνθέτης μουσικής, και ήλπιζε το παιδί να ακολουθήσει τα βήματά της.
[[Image:MakovskiyKE PtDetHudozhTVER.jpg|thumb| |150px|''Children of the Artist'', 1882]]
 
Konstantin Makovsky was born in Moscow. His father was the Russian art figure and amateur painter, Yegor Ivanovich Makovsky. His mother was a [[composer]], and she hoped her son would one day follow in her footsteps. His younger brothers [[Vladimir Makovsky|Vladimir]] and [[Nikolay Makovsky|Nikolay]] and his sister [[Alexandra Makovsky|Alexandra]] also went on to become painters.<ref name=Blouin>{{cite web|title=Biography of Konstantin Makovsky|url=http://www.blouinartinfo.com/artists/konstantin-makovsky-115274|website=blouinartinfo.com|publisher=Blouin|accessdate=30 October 2015}}</ref>
 
In 1851 Makovsky entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where he became the top student, easily getting all the available awards. His teachers were [[Karl Bryullov]] and [[Vasily Tropinin]]. Makovsky's inclinations to [[Romanticism]] and decorative effects can be explained by the influence of Bryullov.
In the 1880s he became a fashioned author of portraits and historical paintings. At the [[Exposition Universelle (1889)|World's Fair of 1889]] in Paris he received the ''Large Gold Medal'' for his paintings ''Death of [[Ivan IV of Russia|Ivan the Terrible]]'', ''The [[Judgement of Paris (mythology)|Judgement of Paris]]'', and ''Demon and Tamara''. He was one of the most highly appreciated and highly paid Russian artists of the time. Many democratic critics considered him as a renegade of the Wanderers' ideals, producing (like [[Henryk Siemiradzki]]) striking but shallow works, while others see him as a forerunner of Russian [[Impressionism]].
 
Ο [[Κωνσταντίν Μακόφσκι]] σκοτώθηκε το 1915, όταν η άμαξα που τον μετέφερε συγκρούσθηκε με ένα ηλεκτρικό τραμ στην Αγία Πετρούπολη.
 
==Selected works==
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