Σήμερα είναι παραδεκτό ότι το πρόσωπο που απεικονίζεται είναι πραματευτής<ref>De Bruyn (2001): σελ. 67. Remarkably, just Dirk Hannema , in 1931 as director of the Boijmans was responsible for the purchase of work, it was already identified as a peddler</ref>.
Today it is assumed that the person depicted a peddler 's.  The main evidence for this is the painting A performance of the farce "A cluyte of Plaeyerwater 'on a Flemish fair in the southern Dutch painter Pieter Balten in the Netherlands Theatre Institute in Amsterdam . This painting include a play depicted a man with a similar basket on his back as the Rotterdam panel. The text of this play shows that this is a peddler. 
The peddler was in the late Middle Ages, a two-sided figure. On the one hand, he was associated with all kinds of sins, he was introduced to the other side as a sinner repented. The motif of a peddler who is being attacked by an aggressive dog, comes in the late Middle Ages more common; so reads the chorus of a 16th century poem: