Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «Παγκόσμια ημέρα της γυναίκας»

καμία σύνοψη επεξεργασίας
Στο [[Λονδίνο]] πραγματοποιήθηκε πορεία από το Μπόου μέχρι την πλατεία Τραφάλγκαρ προς υποστήριξη της γυναικείας ψηφοφορίας στις 8 Μαρτίου 1914. Η [[Σίλβια Πάνκχερστ]] συνελήφθη μπροστά από το σταθμό Τσάρινγκ Κρος πηγαίνοντας να μιλήσει στην πλατεία Τραφάλγκαρ.<ref>{{cite news|title=Suffragist Disorders|url=http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/archive/article/1914-03-09/5/1.html#start%3D1785-01-01%26end%3D1985-12-31%26terms%3D%22Sylvia%20Pankhurst%22%20arrested%26back%3D/tto/archive/find/%252522Sylvia+Pankhurst%252522+arrested/w:1785-01-01%7E1985-12-31/o:date/4%26prev%3D/tto/archive/frame/goto/%252522Sylvia+Pankhurst%252522+arrested/w:1785-01-01%7E1985-12-31/o:date/32%26next%3D/tto/archive/frame/goto/%252522Sylvia+Pankhurst%252522+arrested/w:1785-01-01%7E1985-12-31/o:date/34|accessdate=May 9, 2014|newspaper=The Times|date=March 9, 1914}}</ref>
 
OnΣτις March8 8,Μαρτίου του 1917, on(σύμφωνα theμε [[Gregorianτο calendar]]Γρηγοριανό ημερολόγιο), inστην theπρωτεύουσα capitalτης ofΡωσικής theΑυτοκρατορίας [[Russian Empire]]Πετρούπολη, [[Petrograd]],οι womenεργάτριες textileκλωστοϋφαντουργίας workersδιαδήλωσαν beganγεμίζοντας aτους demonstration,δρόμους coveringόλης theτην whole cityπόλη. This markedΑυτό theσηματοδότησε beginningτην ofαρχή theτης [[Russianρώσικη Revolutionεπανάσταση|ρωσικής επανάστασης]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://ria.ru/revolution_postup/20170306/1489217048.html|title=February Revolution|publisher=[[RIA Novosti]]|accessdate=7 March 2017}}</ref><ref name="UN" />Οι Womenγυναίκες inστην SaintΑγία PetersburgΠετρούπολη wentέκαναν onαπεργία strikeεκείνη thatτην dayημέρα forγια το "BreadΨωμί και andτην PeaceΕιρήνη"&nbsp;– demanding- theαπαιτώντας endτο ofτέλος Worldτου War[[Α΄Παγκόσμιος I,Πόλεμος|Α an'Παγκοσμίου endΠολέμου]], toτον Russianτερματισμό foodτων shortages,ελλείψεων andτροφίμων theκαι endτο ofτέλος czarism.του τσαρισμού<ref name="mmf1" /> [[Leon Trotsky]] wrote, "23 February (8th March) was International Woman's Day and meetings and actions were foreseen. But we did not imagine that this 'Women's Day' would inaugurate the revolution. Revolutionary actions were foreseen but without date. But in the morning, despite the orders to the contrary, textile workers left their work in several factories and sent delegates to ask for support of the strike… which led to mass strike... all went out into the streets."<ref name="mmf1" /> Seven days later, the [[Emperor of Russia]], [[Nicholas II]] abdicated and the [[Russian Provisional Government|provisional Government]] granted women the right to vote.<ref name="unevents" />
 
Following the [[October Revolution]], the [[Bolshevik]] [[Alexandra Kollontai]] and [[Vladimir Lenin]] made it an [[Public holiday|official holiday]] in the Soviet Union, but it was a working day until 1965. On May 8, 1965 by the decree of the [[USSR]] [[Presidium of the Supreme Soviet]] International Women's Day was declared a non-working day in the USSR "in commemoration of the outstanding merits of Soviet women in communistic construction, in the defense of their Fatherland during the Great Patriotic War, in their heroism and selflessness at the front and in the rear, and also marking the great contribution of women to strengthening friendship between peoples, and the struggle for peace. But still, women's day must be celebrated as are other holidays."
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