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Το '''Australopithecus anamensis''' είναι είδος πιθήκου που έζησε πριν από 2 εκατομμύρια χρόνια. NearlyΣχεδόν oneεκατό hundredορυκτά [[fossil]]δείγματα specimensείναι areγνωστά knownαπό fromτη [[KenyaΚένυα]]<ref name="M. G. Leakey, C. S. Feibel, I. MacDougall & A. Walker 565–571">{{cite journal|url=https://www.nature.com/articles/376565a0|title=New four-million-year-old hominid species from Kanapoi and Allia Bay, Kenya|last=Leakey|first=Meave G.|last2=Feibel|first2=Craig S.|date=17 August 1995|journal=[[Nature (journal)|Nature]]|issue=6541|doi=10.1038/376565a0|volume=376|pages=565–571|bibcode=1995Natur.376..565L|pmid=7637803|last3=MacDougall|first3=Ian|author3-link=Ian McDougall (geologist)|last4=Walker|first4=Alan|author4-link=Alan Walker (anthropologist)|author-link=Meave G. Leakey}}</ref><ref name="Leakey et al., 1998">{{cite journal|url=https://www.nature.com/articles/29972|title=New specimens and confirmation of an early age for ''Australopithecus anamensis''|last=Leakey|first=Meave G.|last2=Feibel|first2=Craig S.|date=7 May 1998|journal=[[Nature (journal)|Nature]]|issue=6680|doi=10.1038/29972|volume=393|pages=62–66|bibcode=1998Natur.393...62L|pmid=9590689|last3=MacDougall|first3=Ian|author3-link=Ian McDougall (geologist)|last4=Ward|first4=Carol|last5=Walker|first5=Alan|author5-link=Alan Walker (anthropologist)|author-link=Meave G. Leakey}}</ref> andκαι την [[EthiopiaΑιθιοπία]],<ref name="WhiteEtal2006nature04629">{{cite journal|url=https://www.nature.com/articles/nature04629|title=Asa Issie, Aramis and the origin of ''Australopithecus''|last=White|first=Tim D.|last2=WoldeGabriel|first2=Giday|date=13 April 2006|journal=[[Nature (journal)|Nature]]|issue=7086|doi=10.1038/nature04629|volume=440|pages=883889|bibcode=2006Natur.440..883W|pmid=16612373|last3=Asfaw|first3=Berhane|last4=Ambrose|first4=Stan|last5=Beyene|first5=Yonas|last6=Bernor|first6=Raymond L.|last7=Boisserie|first7=Jean-Renaud|last8=Currie|first8=Brian|last9=Gilbert|first9=Henry|first10=Yohannes|last10=Haile-Selassie|first11=William K.|last11=Hart|first12=Leslea J.|last12=Hlusko|first13=F. Clark|last13=Howell|first14=Reiko T.|last14=Kono|first15=Thomas|last15=Lehmann|first16=Antoine|last16=Louchart|first17=C. Owen|last17=Lovejoy|first18=Paul R.|last18=Renne|first19=Hauro|last19=Saegusa|first20=Elisabeth S.|last20=Vrba|first21=Hank|last21=Wesselman|first22=Gen|last22=Suwa}}</ref> representing over 20 individuals.
It is accepted that ''A. anamensis'' is ancestral to ''A. afarensis'' and continued an evolving lineage.<ref>{{cite journal|url=https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248406000352|title=Was Australopithecus anamensis ancestral to A. afarensis? A case of anagenesis in the hominin fossil record|last=Kimbel|first=William H.|last2=Lockwood|first2=Charles A.|journal=[[Journal of Human Evolution]]|issue=2|doi=10.1016/j.jhevol.2006.02.003|year=2006|volume=51|pages=134–152|pmid=16630646|last3=Ward|first3=Carol V.|last4=Leakey|first4=Meave G.|author4-link=Meave G. Leakey|last5=Rake|first5=Yoel|last6=Johanson|first6=Donald C.}}</ref> Fossil evidence determines that the ''Australopithecus anamensis'' is the earliest hominin species in the [[Turkana Basin]].<ref name="pnas.org">{{cite journal|url=http://www.pnas.org/content/110/26/10501.full|title=Stable isotope-based diet reconstructions of Turkana Basin hominins|last=Cerling|first=Thure E.|last2=Manthi|first2=Fredrick Kyalo|date=June 25, 2013|journal=[[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]]|accessdate=24 October 2014|issue=26|doi=10.1073/pnas.1222568110|volume=110|pages=10501–10506|bibcode=2013PNAS..11010501C|pmc=3696807|pmid=23733966|last3=Mbua|first3=Emma N.|last4=Leakey|first4=Louise N.|author4-link=Louise N. Leakey|last5=Leakey|first5=Meave G.|author5-link=Meave G. Leakey|last6=Leakey|first6=Richard E.|author6-link=Richard E. Leakey|last7=Brown|first7=Francis H.|last8=Grine|first8=Frederick E.|last9=Hart|first9=John A.|first10=Prince|last10=Kalemeg|first11=Hélène|last11=Roche|first12=Kevin T.|last12=Uno|first13=Bernard A.|last13=Wood}}</ref>
 
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