Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «Σορβικό αλφάβητο»

καμία σύνοψη επεξεργασίας
(δημιουργια λημματος)
 
 
Το αλφάβητο αυτό χρησιμοποιείται στις σορβιακές διαλέκτους παρόλο που ορισμένα γράμματα χρησιμοποιούνται μόνο σε μια από τις επίσημες γλώσσες της χώρας (την γλώσσα της Άνω Σορβίας και την γλώσσα της Κάτω Σορβίας).
 
==Alphabet table==
{| class=wikitable
! Upper<br/>case
! HTML<br/>code
! Lower<br/>case
! HTML<br/>code
! Name
! Usual<br/>phonetic value
! Other<br/>phonetic values
! Comments
|-
! A
| &nbsp;
| a
| &nbsp;
| a
| {{IPA|[a]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! B
| &nbsp;
| b
| &nbsp;
| bej
| {{IPA|[b]}}
| {{IPA|[p]}}
| &nbsp;
|-
! C
| &nbsp;
| c
| &nbsp;
| cej
| {{IPA|[ts]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Č
| &amp;#268;
| č
| &amp;#269;
| čej
| {{IPA|[tʃ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ć
| &amp;#262;
| ć
| &amp;#263;
| ćet
| {{IPA|[tɕ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! D
| &nbsp;
| d
| &nbsp;
| dej
| {{IPA|[d]}}
| {{IPA|[t]}}
| &nbsp;
|-
! E
| &nbsp;
| e
| &nbsp;
| ej
| {{IPA|[ɛ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ě
| &amp;#282;
| ě
| &amp;#283;
| jět/ět (Upper), ět (Lower)
| {{IPA|[iɪ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! F
| &nbsp;
| f
| &nbsp;
| ef
| {{IPA|[f]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! G
| &nbsp;
| g
| &nbsp;
| gej
| {{IPA|[ɡ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! H
| &nbsp;
| h
| &nbsp;
| ha
| Upper {{IPA|[h]}}<br/>Lower {{IPA|[h]}} or silent
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! I
| &nbsp;
| i
| &nbsp;
| i
| {{IPA|[i]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! J
| &nbsp;
| j
| &nbsp;
| jot/jót (Upper), jot (Lower)
| {{IPA|[j]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! K
| &nbsp;
| k
| &nbsp;
| ka
| {{IPA|[k]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ł
| &amp;#321;
| ł
| &amp;#322;
| eł
| {{IPA|[w]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! L
| &nbsp;
| l
| &nbsp;
| el
| {{IPA|[l]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! M
| &nbsp;
| m
| &nbsp;
| em
| {{IPA|[m]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! N
| &nbsp;
| n
| &nbsp;
| en
| {{IPA|[n]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ń
| &amp;#323;
| ń
| &amp;#324;
| eń (Upper), ejn (Lower)
| {{IPA|[ɲ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! O
| &nbsp;
| o
| &nbsp;
| o
| {{IPA|[ɔ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ó
| &amp;#211;
| ó
| &amp;#243;
| ót
| Upper {{IPA|[uʊ]}}<br/>Lower {{IPA|[ɛ]}} or {{IPA|[ɨ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! P
| &nbsp;
| p
| &nbsp;
| pej
| {{IPA|[p]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! R
| &nbsp;
| r
| &nbsp;
| er
| {{IPA|[r]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ř
| &amp;#344;
| ř
| &amp;#345;
| eř
| {{IPA|[ʃ]}}
| &nbsp;
| Upper Sorbian only.<br/>{{small|Represents older ''r'' after a voiceless consonant and before a front<br/>vowel, e.g. ''přećel'' /ˈpʃɛt͡ɕɛl/ 'friend' from Proto-Slavic *''prijateljь''.}}
|-
! Ŕ
| &amp;#340;
| ŕ
| &amp;#341;
| ejŕ
| {{IPA|[rʲ]}}
| &nbsp;
| Lower Sorbian only
|-
! S
| &nbsp;
| s
| &nbsp;
| es
| {{IPA|[s]}}
| {{IPA|[z]}}, {{IPA|[ɕ]}}
| &nbsp;
|-
! Š
| &amp;#352;
| š
| &amp;#353;
| eš
| {{IPA|[ʃ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ś
| &amp;#346;
| ś
| &amp;#347;
| śej
| {{IPA|[ɕ]}}
| {{IPA|[ʑ]}}
| Lower Sorbian only
|-
! T
| &nbsp;
| t
| &nbsp;
| tej
| {{IPA|[t]}}
| {{IPA|[d]}}
| &nbsp;
|-
! U
| &nbsp;
| u
| &nbsp;
| u
| {{IPA|[u]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! W
| &nbsp;
| w
| &nbsp;
| wej
| Upper {{IPA|[v]}}<br/>Lower {{IPA|[w]}} or silent
| Upper Sorbian {{IPA|[f]}}
| &nbsp;
|-
! Y
| &nbsp;
| y
| &nbsp;
| y
| {{IPA|[ɨ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Z
| &nbsp;
| z
| &nbsp;
| zet
| {{IPA|[z]}}
| {{IPA|[s]}}, {{IPA|[ʑ]}}
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ž
| &amp;#381;
| ž
| &amp;#382;
| žet
| {{IPA|[ʒ]}}
| &nbsp;
| &nbsp;
|-
! Ź
| &amp;#377;
| ź
| &amp;#378;
| źej
| {{IPA|[ʑ]}}
| &nbsp;
| Lower Sorbian only<br/>(except as part of digraph '''dź''')
|}
 
An earlier version of the Lower Sorbian alphabet included the use of the letters ''b́, ṕ, ḿ,'' and ''ẃ'' to indicate palatalized labials. These have been replaced by ''bj, mj, pj'' and ''wj''.
 
Sorbian orthography also includes two [[Digraph (orthography)|digraph]]s:
 
{| class=wikitable
! Upper<br/>case
! HTML<br/>code
! Lower<br/>case
! HTML<br/>code
! Name
! Usual<br/>phonetic value
! Other<br/>phonetic values
|-
! Ch
| &nbsp;
| ch
| &nbsp;
| cha
| Upper {{IPA|[kʰ]}} word/root initially; {{IPA|[x]}} otherwise <br/>Lower {{IPA|[x]}}
| &nbsp;
|-
! Dź
| D&amp;#378;
| dź
| d&amp;#378;
| dźej/dźet
| {{IPA|[dʑ]}}
| {{IPA|[tɕ]}}
|}
 
The digraph '''ch''' follows '''h''' in alphabetical order.
 
==References==
{{refbegin}}
* Jana Šołćina, Edward Wornar: Obersorbisch im Selbststudium, Hornjoserbšćina za samostudij, Bautzen 2000, {{ISBN|3-7420-1779-9}}, Seiten 12–15.
* Starosta: Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik, Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch, Bautzen 1999, {{ISBN|3-7420-1096-4}}, Seiten 15–21.
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