Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «Institute of Economic Affairs»

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imported>Marty jar
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The IEA is a registered educational and research charity.<ref>{{EW charity|235351|The Institute of Economic Affairs Limited}}</ref> The organisation states that it is entirely funded by "voluntary donations from individuals, companies and foundations who want to support its work, plus income from book sales and conferences."<ref name=IEA-about /> It is "independent of any political party or group.".<ref name=IEA-about /> The IEA has written policy papers arguing against government funding for pressure groups and charities involved in political campaigning <ref>{{cite web|last1=Snowden|first1=Christopher|title=Sock Puppets: How the government lobbies itself and why|url=http://www.iea.org.uk/publications/research/sock-puppets-how-the-government-lobbies-itself-and-why|publisher=IEA Discussion Paper 39|accessdate=17 March 2015}}</ref>
 
The organisation does not formally disclose their sources of funding, but have been funded by tobacco companies including British American Tobacco, Philip Morris and Japan Tobacco International since 1963. ''The Guardian'' disagreed with their funding.<ref>http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jul/15/cigarette-packaging-corporate-smokescreen-liberty</ref> Of known funding from the tobacco industry, British American Tobacco have confirmed donations totalling £11,000 in 2011 and £20,000 in 2012.<ref>http://www.bat.com/group/sites/uk__9d9kcy.nsf/vwPagesWebLive/DO9DLM9T/$FILE/medMD9FZEZJ.pdf?openelement</ref> Other tobacco companies have confirmed their donations, but refused requests for further details.<ref>http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/jun/01/thinktanks-big-tobacco-funds-smoking</ref> In 2002 a leaked letter revealed that a prominent member of the IEA, [[Roger Scruton]] received payments of £54,000 p.a. from [[Japan_Tobacco|Japan Tobacco]], and he asked for increased payment in exchange for publishing further articles in the media attacking measures to reduce tobacco use. In response the IEA stated that they would change their policies to avoid a recurrence of such a conflict of interest.<ref>http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2002/jan/24/advertising.tobaccoadvertising</ref> Journalist [[George Monbiot]] reported that an organisation called 'American Friends of the IEA received $215,000 from two secretive funds as of 2010 - the US-based [[Donors Trust]] and [[Donors Capital Fund]]; anonymous trusts which support libertarian causes. The IEA later confirmed that the sole purpose of the organisation is to receive donation to the London-based IEA.<ref name="guardian.co.uk">http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/feb/18/charities-pr-rightwing-ultra-rich</ref>
 
Think tank [[Transparify]], which is funded by left-wing activist billionaire [[George Soros]], ranked the IEA as one of the three least transparent think tanks in the UK in relation to funding.<ref name="sarahneville">Sarah Neville, [http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/ae6968c4-b5ec-11e4-b58d-00144feab7de.html#axzz3SekS8nmf British think-tanks ‘less transparent about sources of funding’], ''Financial Times'', February 17, 2015</ref>
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